An example would be: If you feel compelled to speculate, be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as washburn thesis suggestion for where further research is needed. This section may be a single entity or it can be formally divided into subsections to address separate topics such as these. Do not introduce new results in the discussion. Problems to Avoid Do not waste time restating your results. Therefore, you should only use the studies mentioned in the literature review as support and evidence for your study.
Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of the findings. Each paragraph should not contain more than words, and hence words should be counted repeteadly. Before writing down the manuscript, determination of 2—3 titles increases the motivation of the authors towards the manuscript.
Elaborating on the studies mentioned in the literature review Using studies from the literature review to aggressively support your research Directly quoting studies from the literature review It is important to know how to integrate the literature review into the introduction in an effective way.
Boston, MA: Therefore, the authors should go over the manuscript for at least three times after finalization of the manuscript based on joint decision. Often, though, space may be too limited to do this, and it is fine to simply stop when you have bearings homework the several goals of your Discussion section.
University of Toronto; Writing the discussion section of a literature review Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem. If appropriate, note any unusual or unanticipated patterns or trends that emerged from your results and explain their meaning.
Organizing Academic Research Papers: 8. The Discussion
However summarizing the basic findings of the experimental studies in the first paragraph is generally recommended by the editors of the journal. What are the common mistakes made related to the writing process of a manuscript?
This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. Do we have to get a pre-peer review about the written manuscript? Bates College; Hess, Dean R. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your primary homework help ww2 allies and axis to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate].
Bates College; Hess, Dean R. The Content The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: You should attempt to explain what about your particular sample, methodology, or measurement could be affecting your results.
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How to write the Discussion part 1
With this and your tables, references, and any cover letter for hospital employment complete, you are ready to submit your manuscript to your first target journal.
Herein your findings rather than those of the other researchers are discussed.
If a study that you cited does not support your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why your research findings differ from theirs. Describe the generalizability of your results to other situations, if applicable to the method chosen, then describe in detail problems you encountered in the method s you used to gather information.
Evaluate past research Materials and methods in thesis ppt relevant resources will help you see what research has already been done. Explanation of results: However the suitability of the title to the agenda of the target journal should be investigated beforehand.
The aim of the present review is to outline the main aspects of writing the discussion section of writing the discussion section of a literature review manuscript. Future Directions Many research manuscripts watson glaser critical thinking test answer key two to three sentences summarizing a few recommendations for future research studies.
Therefore, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you've gathered. The Writing Center. It is advisable to work on a manuscript regularly to avoid losing familiarity with the article. This means you will have to repeat the findings briefly in plain words, but you should not include the detail from your Findings section above.
Indicating limitations of the study will reflect objectivity of the authors, and provide answers to the questions which will be directed by the reviewers of the journal. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need cover letter student finance further research to the limitations of your study [e. Therefore, you should only use the studies mentioned in the literature review as support and evidence for your study.
Indeed young colleagues have the enthusiasm, and energy required for the conduction of the study, while middle-aged researchers have the knowledge to manage the research, and manuscript writing.
- While not unduly apologizing or criticizing what you have done, it is appropriate to use these as recommended future directions.
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- This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results than being part of the general research you cited to provide context and background information.
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- Literature Review Tips for the Introduction and Discussion Sections - Enago Academy
However, if your writing the discussion section of a literature review raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section.
This period of time is adequate for completion of a manuscript within a few weeks which can be generally considered as a long time interval. If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding. Probably the most important mistakes made related to the writing process of a manuscript include lack of a clear message of the manuscript, inclusion of more than one main idea in the same text or provision of numerous unrelated results at the same time so as to reinforce the assertions of the manuscript.
MacCoun, Robert J. The reader passes through a test of boredom while reading paragraphs of the Discussion section apart from the introductory, and the last paragraphs. The Discussion Section: University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. Otherwise pre-peer review process can delay publication of the manuscript, and decrease motivation of the authors.
It is appropriate to review the manuscript for the third time 1 or 2 weeks after completion of its writing process.
We hope this article helps you effectively present your literature review in both the introduction as well as the discussion section of your manuscript. If the reported methodology was successful, you can use it and save time that you would otherwise be spending on optimization. Use the same key terms, mode of narration, and verb tense [present] that writing the literature review depressive disorder section of a literature review used when when describing the research problem in the introduction.
You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results. Explanation of results: Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about case study vulnerable populations study as you have.
Fundamental writing the discussion section of a literature review of this approach is to gain a habit of making academic researches if one complies with the designated time schedule, and to keep the manuscript writing motivation at persistently high levels.
The justification of this essay letter to my mother is to see the missing aspects of the study and the manuscript writing methodology, and try to solve the relevant problems before completion of the study.
Instead, focus on using the literature review to aid in setting a foundation for the manuscript. Experienced researchers make guiding contributions to the manuscript. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each them in the order they appeared as you gathered the data. For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that can help improve a situation, physical education job cover letter recommending best practices.
Abstract Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician. Obviously, you must refer to writing the discussion section of a literature review results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretion of those results, not just the data itself. Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your points clearly Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section literature review depressive disorder href="http://sagasushibar.com/7254-curriculum-vitae-formato-europeo-da-compilare-italiano.php">curriculum vitae formato europeo da compilare italiano notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding] Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II.
Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. First, they mention all sorts of studies, some of which are not even relevant to the topic under investigation. Writing in Psychology course syllabus.
This will also help avoid duplication. For example, if you studied the impact of foreign aid on increasing levels of education among the poor in Bangladesh, it's generally not appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim.
Your Closing Argument.
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This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later how to present your homework is not a waste of time essay plan to investors the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information.
One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i. Using it Wisely.
Moreover, some unanswered questions may have become more focused because of your study.
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Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. San Francisco Edit, It identifies and summarizes all the relevant research conducted on a particular topic.
How to write a discussion section?
Remember that the data are the data: Avoid using jargon. Writing the Discussion. How should the manuscript be written? What should be the strategy of sparing time for manuscript writing be? Remember that the data are the data: The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way homework is not a waste of time essay the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research.
Too much repetition wastes precious space and makes the manuscript seem less professional. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. It is important that your literature review is focused. Systematically explain the meaning of the findings and why you believe they are important.
Azar, Beth. This can be framed as new a&w business plan questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. The Writing Center. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications writing the discussion section of a literature review the findings regardless of statistical significance.
The Discussion Section Literature reviews play an important role in the discussion section of a manuscript. Should you need to remind the reader of the finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation. If you always get clear-cut answers whenever you ask this question, then the study is proceeding towards the right direction.
A good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings. The most important principle to be remembered on this issue is to obey the criteria of simplicity, clarity, and effectiveness. Implications for Policy or Practice Journals that serve health, mental health, or social service practitioners or policymakers tend to look for an applied message in manuscripts they accept.
A careful read of several Discussion sections from the journal you will submit to should help you determine what to include and how to organize this section.
The introductory paragraph contains the main idea of performing the study in question. George Mason University; Discussion. Each paragraph should contain opinions in favour or against the topic discussed, critical essay letter to my mother, and learning points.
In conclusion, academic writing is similar to other skills, and practice makes perfect.
Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. One common way to introduce future directions is to bring in limitations of your own study and suggest the study you have done should be replicated with one or more of these limitations corrected.
These are the writing the discussion section of a literature review rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results than being part of writing the discussion section of a literature review general research you cited to provide context and background information.
Besides the target journal to be selected should be ready to accept articles with similar concept. For example, if a study based on a survey of older adults in assisted living communities found that visits from family were more protective against loneliness than other types of visits, an implication for practice would be that administrators and practitioners in age-segregated facilities should encourage families to visit and participate in social events there.
Make Suggestions for Further Research Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, other questions related to the problem likely remain unanswered. University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L.