Five Types of Neuropathy and Why they Occur

Neuropathy is an umbrella term referring to diseases of the nerves. The main cause of nerve damage is either a disease or an injury. Also, different types of neuropathy exist. Since symptoms of neuropathy are similar to those of Multiple sclerosis, you might not know you have it. Thus, you should read more about it here so you can boost your understanding.

  1. Peripheral neuropathy – Peripheral nerves are outside your spinal cord and brain. But, they are components of your nervous system. So, peripheral neuropathy is a kind of neuropathy that plagues the nerves of your limbs. These include hands, legs, feet, toes, arms and fingers.
  2. Autonomic neuropathy – It refers to the damage that affects involuntary nervous system nerves. These are the nerves that regulate the functions of the heart, circulatory system, digestive system, bladder and sexual organs.
  3. Cranial neuropathy – There are twelve nerves that directly emerge from the brain. These are called cranial nerves. When damaged, they suffer from cranial neuropathy. This is further classified as optic neuropathy and auditory neuropathy. The former leads to a disease that affects the optic nerve that connects the retina to the brain. As a result, your vision is affected. The latter damages the nerve that transmits signals from your inner ear to the brain. Auditory neuropathy affects your hearing.
  4. Proximal neuropathy – The nerve pain that some people feel in their shoulders, hips, thighs and buttocks is called proximal neuropathy.
  5. Focal neuropathy – This sort of nerve pain may restrict itself to just one nerve or a bunch of them. It may also trigger pain in just one area of your body.

You might want to know why any type of nerve damage occurs. As aforesaid, disease and injury are the main triggers. As well, nerve pain may happen to an individual who has a nutritional deficiency. If your body has a problem absorbing vitamin B12, B2, B1, and D, you might develop a deficiency. This could lead to nerve damage. Furthermore, you might be sick with diabetes without knowing.

Most people with diabetes suffer from peripheral neuropathy. This is what is commonly called diabetic neuropathy.  But this occurs after years of living with diabetes. An obese person or one with high blood pressure they are trying to control has a big risk of having diabetic neuropathy. When one has diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, they are likely to feel autoimmune neuropathic pain.

As well, infections such as HIV and AIDS, leprosy, syphilis and Lyme disease are likely to cause damage to the nerves. People who have shingles suffer from a certain form of neuropathy too. Additionally, alcohol users tend to feel nerve pain in their extremities. Experts think that the nerve damage in the alcoholics is as a result of poor diets, leading to nutritional deficiencies. As well, alcohol is capable of causing damage to the nerves.

Some neuropathic individuals are suffering from an inherited disorder that affects the nerves. Thus, there is little they can do to avoid the pain. When there is a lot of toxic substances in the blood, as a result kidney failure, or Uremia, the victim might eventually get neuropathic. That’s why we are advised to avoid consuming toxins. These slow down our natural detoxification system consisting of organs like the liver, kidneys, intestines, circulatory systems, lungs and skin.

Heavy metal poisoning, pesticides and other toxins in processed foods could trigger damage to the nerves. Furthermore, protein deposits could cause neuropathy. These consist of anomalous protein fibers that get deposited in our internal organs and tissues. When they deteriorate the organs, neuropathy may result. Finally, be aware that given drugs and medicines are responsible for given cases of neuropathy. To read more about it and other issues surrounding nerve pain, view today.